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Moreover, it entails odd consequences: that eighteenth-century salons had nothing to do with their predecessors of vrais sites de plans cul gratuit the age of Louis xiii and Louis XIV or with their nineteenth-century successors; that they stood totally apart from the royal court; that women who received guests in their.
Goodman is typical in ending her study at The French Revolution where, she writes: 'the literary public sphere was transformed into the political public'.
Salons were places of enlightened conversation, and thanks to the increased attention to gender equality and emphasis on the gentleness of women, salons offered an ideal location for women to take a leading role.The gift presents itself as a form of friendly generosity inscribed within a relationship of sociability.According to Dena Goodman, salons were the center of the Republic of Letters and the principal tool of its feminization.Patronage, on the other hand, made it possible to reward authors for their works.The bibliography on the Republic of Letters is long, but most scholars would agree the notion has a double meaning: on the one hand, the Republic of Letters is a historiographical tool to refer to networks of scholars organized around academic institutions, learned journals, informal.One of the most influential promoters of this ideal of the writer was Voltaire.The French were especially fascinated by natural philosophy and its history, 14 and salons provided a place for intelligent conversation on these topics as well as many other ideas.28 In some areas of intellectual life, especially in antiquarianism, but also in natural history, the practices and ideals of the Republic of Letters remained vital and they organized networks of knowledge.
In site libertin couple pour femme bi Europe and America, digital media always leads to new cul-de-sacs and roundabouts of communication.
At Mme Geoffrins salon, for example, Montesquieu composed and sang a song in honor of the duchesse de la Vallière, one of the most noteworthy women at court.
To not get lost in the vastness of cyberspace, thinkers and creators have started to meet again on a regular basis for various new forms of salons like DLD; the Aspen Ideas Forum or the TED Conference.